The Analysis Of Knowledge Stanford Encyclopedia Of Philosophy

The Analysis of Knowledge - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Feb 06, 2001 . Whether a JTB+safety analysis of knowledge could be successful is somewhat difficult to evaluate, given the vagueness of the stated "nearby" condition. The status of potential counterexamples will not always be straightforward to apply. ... ---, 2011, "Reliabilism",The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2011 Edition ....

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Positive and Negative Liberty - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Feb 27, 2003 . Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Menu . Browse. Table of Contents; What's New ... torture in the name, and on behalf, of their 'real' selves, in the secure knowledge that whatever is the true goal of man ... must be identical with his freedom" (Berlin 1969, pp. 132-33). ... the potential conflict between the two ideals of negative ....

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Democracy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Jul 27, 2006 . This analysis yields the Democratic Principle: [O]nly those statutes may claim legitimacy that can meet with the assent of all citizens in a discursive process of legislation that in turn has been legally constituted. ... is an egalitarian principle that can be seen to be realized among persons despite the dramatically incomplete forms of ....

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Speech Acts - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Jul 03, 2007 . In the process the boundaries among the philosophy of language, the philosophy of action, aesthetics, the philosophy of mind, political philosophy, and ethics have become less sharp. In addition, an appreciation of speech acts has helped lay bare a normative structure implicit in linguistic practice, including even that part of this practice ....

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Self-Knowledge - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Feb 07, 2003 . In philosophy, "self-knowledge" standardly refers to knowledge of one's own mental states--that is, of what one is feeling or thinking, or what one believes or desires. At least since Descartes, most philosophers have believed that self-knowledge differs markedly from our knowledge of the external world (where this includes our knowledge ....

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John Stuart Mill - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Aug 25, 2016 . Bibliography Primary Sources. All citations of Mill are taken from The Collected Works of John Stuart Mill, edited by John M. Robson (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1963-91), in 33 volumes, and are given by volume and page.. Secondary Sources. Bain, C., 1904, Autobiography, London: Longmans, Green and Co. ....

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Simone Weil - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Mar 10, 2018 . In Lectures on Philosophy (1978 LP), a collection of lecture notes taken by one of her students during the academic year 1933-1934 at a girl's lycee in Roanne, we find that Weil is initially critical of sensations as grounds for knowledge, and thereby critical of empiricist epistemology (LP 43-47)..

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Arthur Schopenhauer - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

May 12, 2003 . Arthur Schopenhauer was among the first 19 th century philosophers to contend that at its core, the universe is not a rational place. Inspired by Plato and Kant, both of whom regarded the world as being more amenable to reason, Schopenhauer developed their philosophies into an instinct-recognizing and ultimately ascetic outlook, emphasizing that in the ....

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The Value of Knowledge - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Aug 21, 2007 . 1. Value problems. In Plato's Meno, Socrates raises the question of why knowledge is more valuable than mere true belief.Call this the Meno problem or, anticipating distinctions made below, the primary value problem.. Initially, we might appeal to the fact that knowledge appears to be of more practical use than true belief in order to mark this difference ....

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Henri Bergson - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

May 18, 2004 . In Bergson's eyes, Kant's philosophy is scandalous, since it eliminates the possibility of absolute knowledge and mires metaphysics in antinomies. Bergson's own method of intuition is supposed to restore the possibility of absolute knowledge - here one should see a kinship between Bergsonian intuition and what Kant calls intellectual ....

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Feminist Perspectives on Power - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Oct 19, 2005 . Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Menu . Browse. Table of Contents; ... Michel Foucault's highly influential analysis implicitly presupposes that power is a kind of power-over; and he puts it, "if we speak of the structures or the mechanisms of power, it is only insofar as we suppose that certain persons exercise power over others ....

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Analogy and Analogical Reasoning - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Jun 25, 2013 . An analogy is a comparison between two objects, or systems of objects, that highlights respects in which they are thought to be similar.Analogical reasoning is any type of thinking that relies upon an analogy. An analogical argument is an explicit representation of a form of analogical reasoning that cites accepted similarities between two systems to support the ....

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Table of Contents - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

secondary qualities, in early modern philosophy -- see primary and secondary qualities in early modern philosophy; self feminist perspectives on the -- see feminist philosophy, topics: perspectives on the self; knowledge -- see self-knowledge; self-consciousness (Joel Smith) phenomenological approaches to (Shaun Gallagher and Dan Zahavi).

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Confucius (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Mar 31, 2020 . The following sections treat three key aspects of the philosophy of Confucius, each different but all interrelated, found throughout many of these diverse sets of sources: a theory of how ritual and musical performance functioned to promote unselfishness and train emotions, advice on how to inculcate a set of personal virtues to prepare people ....

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Aristotle’s Rhetoric - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

May 02, 2002 . This second approach is reflected in the statements of those contending that the "object of Aristotle's treatise on rhetoric is ultimately an analysis of the nature of human discourse in all areas of knowledge." (Grimaldi 1972, 1) or of those suggesting that it can be read as "a piece of philosophic inquiry, and judged by philosophic ....

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Inductive Logic - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Sep 06, 2004 . An inductive logic is a logic of evidential support. In a deductive logic, the premises of a valid deductive argument logically entail the conclusion, where logical entailment means that every logically possible state of affairs that makes the premises true must make the conclusion true as well. Thus, the premises of a valid deductive argument provide total support ....

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Scientific Reduction - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Apr 08, 2014 . The English verb 'reduce', derives from the Latin 'reducere', whose literal meaning 'to bring back', informs its metaphorical use in philosophy.If one asserts that the mental reduces to the physical, that heat reduces to kinetic molecular energy, or that one theory reduces to another theory, one implies that in some relevant sense the reduced theory can be brought ....

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Philosophy of Technology - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Feb 20, 2009 . An emphasis on tacit knowledge may also be ill-fit for distinguishing the practices of science and technology because the role of tacit knowledge in science may well be more important than current philosophy of science acknowledges, for example in concluding causal relationships on the basis of empirical evidence..

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Presupposition (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Apr 01, 2011 . A part-time trigger analysis might be based on the idea that the regularity with which pre-states of telic sentences are in the common ground has led to this pragmatic reasoning being conventionalized. A part-time trigger analysis might involve a special triggering condition, e.g. involving the speaker's expertise..

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John Dewey - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Nov 01, 2018 . Short Chronology of the Life and Work of John Dewey. Source: H&A 1998, xiv 1859 Oct. 20. Born in Burlington, Vermont; 1879 Receives A.B. from the University of Vermont; 1879-81 Teaches at high school in Oil City, Pennsylvania; 1881-82 Teaches at Lake View Seminary, Charlotte, Vermont; 1882-84 Attends graduate school at Johns Hopkins University; ....

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Socialism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Jul 15, 2019 . Socialism is a rich tradition of political thought and practice, the history of which contains a vast number of views and theories, often differing in many of their conceptual, empirical, and normative commitments..

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Intensional Logic - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Jul 06, 2006 . Menzel, C. (1986). "A complete, type-free second order logic and its philosophical foundations," Technical Report CSLI-86-40, Stanford: Center for the Study of Language and Information Publications. Searle, R. (1983). An Essay in the Philosophy of Mind, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press..

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Donald Davidson - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

May 29, 1996 . Just as knowledge of language cannot be separated from our more general knowledge of the world, so Davidson argues that knowledge of oneself, knowledge of other persons and knowledge of a common, 'objective' world form an interdependent set of concepts no one of which is possible in the absence of the others..

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Normativity in Metaethics - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Jul 12, 2022 . 1. The Target Explanandum. Our first task is a deceptively hard one: getting a basic understanding of our explanandum - i.e., normativity. What is normativity?. 1.1 Concept vs. World. If we wanted to gain an understanding of physicality, we'd need to first settle whether it was most important to understand physical concepts, physical properties, physical facts, or something ....

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